There are number of valid reasons and justifications why we are organizing educated employees from S.C., ST., O.B.C and Converted Minority communities. They have many issues in common. It is observed that these people are suffering from a number of common problems. Their social, educational, religious, economic and political problems have reached heights of severity. It is acknowledged by all, that these people are suffering from various problems. Even the High Courts of different States and Supreme Court of India have recognized this fact. The Government of India has itself constituted a National Commission for S.C. and ST. under constitutional provisions to redress their problems. Besides the S.C. and ST., there are various castes, which are also not adequately represented in the administration and governance of the country. To ascertain such castes and ensure their adequate representation, the Government of India appointed the Second Backward Class Commission popularly known as Mandal Commission and accepted the various recommendations of the Commission. Even the Supreme Court of India in the Historical judgment dated 16th November, 1992 recognized these castes as Backwards. As far as the minorities are concerned, the Government of India, as well as the various State Governments, have appointed Minority Commissions to look into their problems. The various Commissions appointed by the Govt. clearly indicate that these classes have special problems. As they have common problems and are recognized by the Govt. as well as Supreme Court they constitute one lot based on common issues. Therefore, it is essential to organize these people.
2. Structural Point of View:
From the structural point of view, the S.C., S.T., O.B.C. and Converted Mulnivasi are very severely affected by the Brahmanical Social System based on inequality. It is for this reason Rashtrapita Jyotirao Phuley, Jana Nayak Birsa Munda, Shahuji Maharaj, Periyar Ramasami, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar etc, led their social movements, “to put an end to the social order based on inequality and establish a social order based on equality”. It is natural that, only those, who are victims of the social order, can play an active role in the mission of social change. The beneficiaries of the system can never do so. As a matter of fact, those who are the beneficiaries of the system are continuously putting an organized and conspiring effort to ensure that the existing system of exploitation and inequality remains intact. Therefore, it is essential to organize only those, who are the victims of the system. It is for this reason that only the S.C., ST., O.B.C. and Converted Minorities are being organized by BAMCEF.
3. Historical Point of View:
If we look from the historical perspective the large mass of exploited and oppressed people also belong to the Bahujan samaj. During the course of History they are known by different names We must examine how did they get these different identities during the course of history?
3.1 Shudra (O.B.C) Mulnivasi
It has now been accepted beyond doubts by all, that Aryans are not indigenous people of India. It has already been proved by Historians, Social Scientists, Anthropologists, Linguists etc. Very recently Science, through genetic and DNA research, jointly undertaken by scientists from India and America, have finally confirmed that Aryans are foreigners and that they do not belong to this land. The findings were published in the most renowned journals and newspapers of the world. When Brahmins invaded India, they undertook a continuous and prolonged attack on the culture and civilization of the Mulnivasis (indigenous people) of India. They destroyed and Brahmanised the Sindhu Culture of the Mulnivasis. The Sindhu culture has been identified as Dravidian culture. Aryans first created a Varna system (social order) and latter imposed it on the Mulnivasis. This social order originally had only three varnas viz. Brahmins, Kshatriyas and the Vaishyas. That is why, after doing a thorough research on Vedas, Dr. Ambedkar, in his world famous book “ Who Were the Shudras?” raised the serious question that when there were only three varnas in the original social system, how the fourth varna came into existence? Dr. Ambedkar has carried a detailed analysis to answer this question. In the three fold varna system, there was a struggle for supremacy between the Brahmins and the Kshatriyas. With their cunning intelligence, the Brahmins defeated the Kshatriyas. The defeated Kshatriyas were banned from the religious right of “Sacred Thread Ceremony” (Janeu/Upanayan Sanskar). The deprived Kshtriyas were labeled as Shudras and converted into Shudra Varna. Thus, the three fold Varna System got converted into Four Fold Varna System and the fourth varna came into existence. Similarly, when the Brahmins invaded India, they had a long struggle with the Mulnivasi who were ultimately defeated. The vedas are full of evidences of this struggle between Aryans and the original inhabitants the Mulnivasi people. The defeated Mulnivasi were also referred to as Shudras. .According to western philosophers different titles were earlier conferred on the Mulnivasi people such as Anarya, Das, Dasyu, Danav, Asura, Rakshas etc. Thus, the so called Anarya, Das, Dasyu, Danav, Asura, Rakshas are actually the ancestors of the present day S.C., ST., O.B.C and Converted Minority. The theories given by the western philosophers were contested by Dr. Ambedkar and proved that before Aryans came to India there was Naga race in India However during the course of history this original identity was forgotten by the present day SC/ST/OBC. The Aryans when invaded India, were only few in numbers compared to the large mass of the indigenous people. The present day so called Shudra, are original inhabitants (Mulnivasi people) of this country, and are in a vast majority. It is for this reason that even today the Mulnivasi (S.C., ST. O.B.C. and Converted Minority) form about 85% population of India.
The Brahmins had to struggle very hard to establish their system of Four Varna. Although, they succeeded to a great extent, the system started showing its adverse effects as there was resentment in the society. Latter a social revolution was initiated against this system by Tathagat Buddha around 6th century B.C. Since Buddha was Mulnivasi himself, he got wide support for his movement from the Mulnivasi Bahujans. Buddha was a strong proponent of human values such as Equality, Fraternity, Liberty, Justice and Compassion. It is for this reason that not only India, but number of other countries also accepted and adopted his ideology. One important fact worth noting is that, Buddha belonged to the ‘Shakya clan’ of the Mulnivasi. The ‘Shakya people’ are still there in U.R and Bihar. They have been included in the list of Backward Castes by the Mandal Commission. This gives glimpse of the events, which must have taken place in the historical times. Buddha challenged the very ideology and philosophy of Varna System. There was no such issue left which Buddha did not answer with his logic. This disturbed the very ideological foundation of the Varna System. The Varna System could not withstand the onslaught of Buddha and consequently got collapsed. The special privileges including learning and teaching and rights, which the Brahmins had solely kept for themselves, were endangered. Since these special privileges were actually their means of livelihood, they started facing the problem of their livelihood. Thus, they were forced to adopt any profession which they could manage for their livelihood. During the time of Emperor Ashoka the Great, many Brahmins joined the army. When Ashoka’s son died, his grandson Brihadratha was made the King. Since ‘Brihadratha’ was very young and still a minor, Pushyamitra Shunga, an Arya Brahmin, who was the Army Commander, started looking after the administration of the Kingdom. One day, ‘Pushyamitra Shunga’ killed the minor Brihadratha in the assembly of the palace and declared himself as the King (around 185 B.C.). During the Maurya empire (Chandragupta, Ashoka and their successors) Buddhism was the State Religion. After ‘Pushyamitra Shunga’ became the King, he declared Brahmin Religion as the State Religion. Thus, Pushyamitra reestablished Brahmin Religion in India. This incidence caused havoc in the life of Mulnivasi people, who had by then embraced Buddhism.
Under these odd social situations, some of the Mulnivasi had compromised and surrendered to Brahmanism, but others continued with their opposition. Those, who compromised with the Brahmins, were given status as Shudras in the Varna System with out any rights. They were told to serve the upper three varnas without any remuneration. lt was during the time of Pushyamitra Shunga only, that the notorious Manusmriti, which is the Code of Brahmin Religion and other Brahmanical scriptures, such as various Smritis, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Geeta and Puranas etc. were composed. Provisions for code of. conduct and penal code for Shudras, were made in Manusmriti. Pushyamitra announced beheading of all Buddhists monks and announced 10(3 gold coins for each “head” as a reward, to terrorize the Mulnivasis and uproot Buddhism from India. Dr. Ambedkar has discussed the various facts with related evidences, in his world famous thesis “Who were the Untouchables?”
3.2 Adivasi Mulnivasi
Those, who did not accept Pushyamitra as king and Brahmanism as state religion, and continued to oppose his oppressive and inhuman policies, were not only debarred from accumulating any wealth, but were also deprived of all basic human rights including right to education, wealth and keeping arms. As part of the strategy of battle, they went to the jungles. The struggle was on for years together. Latter, this large group of Mulnivasi people started breaking into smaller groups. Some continued to stay in the jungles. These are called Adivasis. They are the Scheduled Tribes of today.
3.3 Untouchable Mulnivasi
Other left the jungles and came to the villages. Their wealth had already been snatched away. Thus, they didn’t have any means of livelihood. They were forced to remove carcasses and to eat the meat of dead animals and live on the outskirts of the villages. Since no social intercourse was allowed with them, they came to be called as untouchables. These untouchables are the present day Scheduled Castes. Those, who surrendered and compromised with the Brahmins, were given the status of Shudras. These are nothing but the present days OBCs. This clearly means that in the four fold Varna System, the so called Shudras are the present days O.B.C. and are Mulnivasi of this land. The S.C. and the ST. are outside the Varna System (they were not included in the Varna System). They were called outcastes (Varnabahya), Antyaj or Pancham.
The major lesson, which the Brahmins learnt from the Buddhist revolution, was that the Mulnivasi, who were in vast majority, needs to be divided in such a way that they should never come together and keep fighting amongst themselves in future. For this, the Brahmins devised the Caste System. The Varna System was changed into a Caste System. One single Shudra Varna was divided into 6000 castes and developed a unique system of graded inequality, with ascending order of reverence and descending order of contempt. This system of reverence and contempt was established by force by the Bramhins, this prevented any possible reunion of these casts in future.
Thus, it can be seen that S.C., ST. and O.B.C., who are divided into different castes as on today, basically belong to one Mulnivasi Bahujan Samaj. They were very civilized, well off and united in the ancient times (Harappa Civilization), but have been forced to separate into different groups, because of the prevailing social conditions, during the course of history. Since all the three groups (S.C., ST. & O.B.C.) originally belonged to one Mulnivasi Bahujan Samaj, it is necessary to unite them by making them realize this historical reality.
The supremacy and control, which the Brahmins reestablished during the time of Pushyamitra, have since then remained intact till today. This has been possible because of their “Sam-Dam-Dand-Bhed” and “Divide and Rule” policy. Even during the 800 years of Muslim rule, Brahmins continued to dominate the society and administration. The same was true during the major part of the British rule. It was because both the Muslims and British came in very small number. The administration was run with the support of the Brahmins only, who were the dominant and educated people. The Muslims and the initial British rule posed no threat to Brahmanism, because the rulers did not interfere with the Brahmanical Social system. Hence there were no revolts either against the Muslims or the British. It was only when the British started enacting laws for making structural changes in the social system that the Brahmins felt scared and started their freedom struggle. For this, the Brahmins got united under the banner of Congress, fooled the Mulnivasi in the name of Nationalism, gathered their support and forced the British to leave the country. After independence, the minority Brahmins given up their “Aryan Identity” and instead adopted “Hindu Identity” to form Majority, with a view to grab power in democracy and succeeded in maintaining their supremacy and control. Therefore, the S.C., ST., O.B.C. and Converted Mulnivasi continue to remain oppressed even in independent India.
3.4 Converted Mulnivasi
Prophet Mohammad belonged to the Quresh Tribe. The Buddhist Doctrine of equality immensely influenced him. He founded Islam religion on the basis of the doctrine of equality and said “Allah has made all as equal”. When the Muslim invaders came to India, they brought their religion with them. The Mulnivasi, who were oppressed by the Brahmanical Social system of inequality, were very much influenced by the principles of equality in Islam religion. Many got converted to Islam. Muslim rulers ruled for about 800 years and during this period, the Mulnivasi continued to embrace Islam. This explains why and how, India has had such a vast majority of Muslims, although only few Muslims came from outside to India. When the British came, they also brought their religion (Christianity) with them. The Great German thinker Holzer Christian, who is a very renowned authority in the field of Theology, in his research Thesis “Jesus Lived in India” has mentioned that Jesus lived in India and that he was very deeply influenced by the philosophy of Lord Buddha and founded Christianity, with emphasis on the doctrines of Compassion, Equality and Justice. During the British rule many Mulnivasi discarded Brahmanical Social system and got converted to Christianity. Similarly, when the Sikh religion was founded as a reaction against Brahmanical inequality, Mulnivasi got converted into its fold. It has already been mentioned earlier that, Mulnivasi had converted to Buddhism in ancient times. Thus, from the historical point of view, it can be observed that the people of S.C., ST. and O.B.C. and those who have been converted from among them to various religions, are as such the people of one Mulnivasi Samaj. They are people of one blood and one relation. It is therefore our historical responsibility to unite them. It is only by bringing them together; we can put an end to their social discrimination and exploitation.